Why We Have Them
Excruciating pain and acute discomfort in your gums are some of the symptoms indicating that you may be growing wisdom teeth. They are molars growing at the back of your mandible and maxilla, i.e. the teeth in your mouth. The nomenclature derives from the fact that they grow when you are an adult between the ages of 17 to 21, as opposed to children growing teeth.
Growing wisdom teeth comes with varied experiences. While some are subjected to intolerable conditions, others, not so. Many individuals have a total of 4 wisdom teeth growing; two on the mandible, and the maxilla. Physiologically, these teeth were primarily focused on chewing foliage but with evolution, the necessity of wisdom teeth have decreased. But they are here stay and may cause some trouble.
Types of Wisdom Teeth
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
If you have a bump at the ends of your dental structures, followed by pain or discomfort of some sort, it is most likely due to wisdom teeth. These molars may find it difficult to emerge out of the gums or break through the surface because of a lack of enough room to develop naturally, causing pain.
Erupted Wisdom Teeth
In some cases, due to a lack of enough space or any other reason that may be causing a disturbance, the tooth might not be able to emerge completely. Teeth or molars that manage to break through the surface of the gums, emerge or erupt are called erupted wisdom teeth. You can only see the crown of the tooth or it has a crooked position or has developed partially.
Dental Issues Stemming from a Growing Wisdom Tooth
Impact wisdom teeth may lead to dental issues, but erupted wisdom teeth can cause similar problems as well. In such cases, they need to be removed immediately. If you feel like you have a wisdom tooth developing or you feel pain or discomfort in your gums, visit a dentist. Common symptoms to look out for –
- Red, swollen or bleeding gums
- Excruciating pain in your gums
- Damage to other teeth
- Bad breath
- Difficulty in opening your mouth
- Abnormal growth of tissue
Dental health issues, like infections, cavities and damage to a perfectly healthy adjacent tooth, may crop up if you leave a dangerous wisdom tooth unattended. Dentists, almost immediately, recommend extraction. However, with certified dental advice and regular maintenance, you might be able to keep it without causing any harm to your dental health. Two suggestive ways of treatment include –
- Extraction: A simple procedure for when the wisdom tooth has managed to just erupt. The dentist will anaesthetize your gums and extract your tooth in a matter of minutes.
- Surgery: Impacted wisdom tooth and its inability to break the surface requires the dentist to make an incision through your gums. Many times, if the tooth is too deep into your gums, it requires the surgeon to make several more incisions. The aim is to protect you and your gums from nerve damage.
“Evolutionary relics,” wisdom teeth were considered as a blessing by our ancestors. It was well-suited to their dietary plan, but with the evolution of mankind, the need for this additional dental aid has diminished. It causes more harm than good. If your symptoms seem to match, contact us at Downtown Whitby Dentistry.